Nowadays, cattle raising in rural areas has become a wealth project. The rural environment is very suitable for the development of cattle raising. However, the first step in raising cattle is to build a cow house. The construction of the cow house is also particular. It is mainly divided into a beef steel cow house and a dairy steel cow house. How to build a steel cowshed? Let's take a look at the construction method.
Building materials are divided into clay, sand soil (lime: crushed stone: clay in a ratio of 1:2:4), stone floor, brick floor, wooden floor, cement floor, etc. In order to prevent slippage, the cement floor should be made into a rough grinding surface or groove line, and the line groove slope to the manure ditch.
2, the wall
According to the condition of the wall, it can be divided into three types: open, semi-open, and closed. Enclosed cowshed: walls, doors, windows, and roof on all sides. Open and semi-open barns have walls on three sides, and there are generally no walls or only half walls in the south.
3, the door
The gates of all cow houses should be open to the outside, and no steps or thresholds should be set up so that the cows can enter and exit freely. The door width of the adult cowshed is 2 meters to 2.2 meters, and the door height is 2 meters to 2.4 meters. There must be a door for every 25 cows. The calf’s door is 1.5 meters wide and the door high is 2 meters to 2.2 meters. There must be one door for every 25 calves.
The windows are set on the walls of the cowshed, which play the role of ventilation, lighting, and heating in winter. In cold areas, there should be few north windows and the window area should not be too large. In the warm southern region, the main guarantee for summer ventilation is to install more windows and increase the window area.
5, cow bed
The cow bed refers to the area occupied by each cow in the cowshed. The area of beef cattle and dairy cows is 4~4.5 square meters and 4.5~5 square meters respectively. The cow bed is generally 120~180 cm long and 60~130 cm wide. Adjust according to different types of cattle. The slope of the cow bed should be between 1 and 1.5% to facilitate drainage, and the rear part is easy to line up to prevent slipping.
6, the roof
The roof should have the function of rain and heat insulation, and at the same time facilitate ventilation. The rain barrier can be made of concrete slabs, wood boards, ceramic tiles, asbestos tiles, metal plates, and linoleum. Under the rainproof layer, insulation materials should be laid. Commonly used insulation materials such as glass fiber, foam board, and polyurethane. The roof slope is 450, and the height is standard, usually 2.4-2.8 meters.
7, feed trough
Set a fixed long trough in front of the cow bed. The trough should be firm, smooth, impermeable, and slightly inclined for cleaning and disinfection. In order to adapt to the behavioral characteristics of beef tongue feeding, it is best to have an arc at the bottom of the trough, which is 5-10 cm higher than the cow bed.
8. Fecal ditch
Located between the cow bed and the channel, it is generally an open ditch with a width of 30-32 cm. The shovel is suitable to be placed in the ditch. The ditch is 3-10 cm deep to avoid sprains due to the slippage of the cow's hoof. The drainage slope.
9. Feeding channel and defecation channel
The width of the feed channel is generally 1.2~1.5 meters, which is convenient for carts to transport feed. The defecation channel is also a working channel for cows in and out and milk. Its width should be able to meet the return and return of feces and urine. Consider the passage of milking tools And parked and splashed with cow dung and urine.
10. Sports venues
The single-row barn sports field should be arranged on the south side of the barn; the double-row barn should be placed on the east and west sides of the barn to facilitate lighting. The floor of the sports field should be lower than the floor of the cowshed and slightly inclined outwards to facilitate drainage and keep dry.
There are fences in the steel cowshed and around the sports field. Its function is to isolate cows of different sizes, genders, and types, and restrict their activities within a certain range, so as to improve production efficiency and facilitate scientific management. The height of the fence is 1.5 meters higher than the original. The material can be a wooden fence, barbed wire, steel pipe, etc. The fence must be strong and strong.
Nowadays, the cattle-raising market is very popular. The farmers must raise cattle on a scientific scale and construct the cattle houses scientifically. All of the above are essential in the construction process. Farmers with more experience are welcome to add.